Extended transition period to permit address Covid-19

Extended transition period to permit address Covid-19
The extended preparatory amount of five years for graduating from the grouping of the least-developed countries allows Bangladesh to handle the coronavirus pandemic's impacts, in line with the US Committee for Development Insurance plan (UN CDP).

It will help Bangladesh build relationships its production and trading partners found in preparing a even transition strategy and arranging a post-graduation international trade landscape, said CDP Member Debapriya Bhattacharya.

"It highlights the importance for the country to preserve its important policy space while negotiating conceivable bilateral and regional agreements," he said.

The convenor of the Citizen's Platform for SDGs, Bangladesh produced the comments at a virtual dialogue on the graduation and that which was upcoming.

The briefing came a day time after the CDP recommended Bangladesh's graduation in its final analysis on Friday.

Bangladesh is scheduled to officially turn into a developing country found in 2026 seeing that the UN committee recommended that the united states should get five years, rather than three, to get ready for the transition because of the influence of the Covid-19 on its economy. Until 2026, the united states will continue to benefit from the trade rewards as an LDC.

"The committee notes that Bangladesh meets all 3 LDC requirements for graduation with comfy margins," said Bhattacharya.

The CDP recommended Bangladesh reform the domestic business and taxation policy for the creation of jobs to make graduation sustainable.

The committee advised Bangladesh prioritise policy formulation in the areas to aid its development through the preparatory and smooth transition period and beyond.

Of the major plans, the CDP also suggested for collection of more tax, increasing the private and foreign direct investment (FDI), the creation of jobs and improving healthcare and education quality.

The CDP also suggested for export and marketplace diversification of goods as Bangladesh was too much reliant about the same item, that was garment products.

Bhattacharya said now that the timeline of the LDC exit trajectory have been finalised, Bangladesh needed to draw up a robust transition approach within the upcoming five years and beyond.

"The strategy is required to deal with the likely adverse fallouts of LDC graduation, but also lay out a pathway for graduation with a momentum. This will ensure a soft and sustainable advancement prospect for the united states," he said.

Two other essential criteria, namely inclusivity and good governance, need to be regarded, said the noted economist. 

Bangladesh is also pursuing a number of development methods, including implementation of a great Eighth Five-Year Plan, a Second Perspective Plan (2021-41), a Bangladesh Climate Transformation Strategy and Action Strategy, and Delta Plan 2100.

"We should remember in this respect the value of delivering in Bangladesh the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Production," Bhattacharya said.

With a view to ensuring inclusive development, underpinned by the growth of investment, employment and income, the building of successful capacity ought to be the fundamental and core priority in the Bangladesh context, he said.

"This would entail monetary diversification, technological upgradation, and improvement of labour productivity. Focus on domestic market growth and consolidation would be type in this regard."

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be used as the guiding framework for crafting an absolute transition strategy for LDC graduation, he said.

Bangladesh had joined the LDC group found in 1975. The united states comfortably met each of the three graduation standards in the first review in 2018 and in another this February.

Bangladesh should not use coal-fired power plants and generate even more clean and sustainable energy, said Bhattacharya.

The UN committee called on Bangladesh's production and trading partners to increase preferential market access and the exemptions beneath the WTO agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual House Rights (TRIPS) for a reasonable time frame, to be negotiated at international amounts and bilaterally with Bangladesh.

It urged the advancement partners to supply financial and tech support team to Bangladesh to fortify the wellbeing sector and deal with the impact of weather change, particularly methods to avoid destruction created by flooding.

LDC graduation, essentially, means acquiring a seal of global authorization regarding its production achievements and improved confidence of the overseas monetary actors regarding its market segments.

The improved perception of the country-level market risks is expected to lead to a registered upgrade of the country's international credit history. This will further result in an augmented generation of investible methods, Bhattacharya said.

Post-graduation, countries have observed enhanced household tax collection and an increased flow of foreign direct expenditure (FDI). Access to foreign aid may well not diminish abruptly.

The LDC graduation would lead to relinquishing a wide variety of preferences and privileges and lack of market access preferences, specifically in the European and Canadian market segments.

Bangladesh may experience a shortfall to the tune of 8-10 % of its gross export income due to lack of duty-free and quota-free provisions, amounting to about $2.5 billion annually.

Bangladesh will continue to enjoy market gain access to preference in the European Union (and the uk) for a supplementary three years, until 2031, he said.

The CPD distinguished fellow also discussed two special challenges facing Bangladesh.

The post-Covid-19 recovery plans and programmes have to be embedded in the transition strategy, and Rohingya maintenance and repatriation have to be addressed aswell, he said.

The economist suggested investing in place a better coordinated and more resultative institutional outfit and mechanism in the home, and revisit the role of the National Process Force, set up in January 2016, to monitor the implementation of the roadmap.

Coordination among ministries is needed alongside engagement of the individual sector, non-government production organisations and understanding actors, Bhattacharya said.

He as well said the preparation of a coherent, cogent and wholesome changeover strategy would need significant and forceful efforts. Real-time necessary information supply must be strengthened, specifically for the CDP's special monitoring mechanism for graduating LDCs.
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